Handymanoxford advice: How to lay a parquet - a short guide
We have already written what work should be done before laying the parquet. Today it will be the turn of the instructions on how to properly lay such a floor, when all the previous steps have already been performed. Only then will the parquet fulfill its role and decorate the house for many years. This type of floor can be arranged in two ways: by using glue or by putting together individual elements. Glued parquet When attaching the parquet in this way, it is important to choose the right glue for the type of wood and the type of substrate. However, before we start arranging the planks, we must designate the X and Y axes in the center of the room, in the middle of which we mark the 0 point. It is important that we start laying from this point. Using a notched trowel, glue an area of about 1 m2. The first plank (plate) should be placed at the junction of both axes and tapped with a wooden hammer using a wooden block. If the tile is varnished, wrap the block with a soft cloth. Then we arrange the tiles around the center of the room or fill the entire "quarters" marked by the room division. As the laying progresses, we knock down the individual elements with a wooden hammer. If the parquet consists of small planks laid diagonally, a wooden wedge should be made so as not to damage the floor during tapping. Finally, trim the edge tiles. We also leave an expansion joint at the edges to allow the wood to expand freely under the influence of moisture. We also use wedges, which we take out only after the glue is completely dry. Composite parquet ("floating" floor) It is recommended to lay a base layer of vapor-barrier foil and a special foam or other base material between the parquet and the subfloor. The underlay provides better sound insulation of the floor, protects the screed from crushing and reduces slight unevenness of the floor. The thin layer may be glued or loosely laid. Spread the underlay in strips, connecting them with adhesive tape. Start laying the parquet in the corner of the room, but leave about 10 mm for the expansion joint, inserting wooden wedges between the parquet and the wall. The elements are connected with tongues (tongues) entering into the grooves (grooves) of the adjacent element and then glued. As in the case of glued parquet, the whole thing is tamped down with a hammer and a wedge. When the first row is laid, then the parquet is laid along the perpendicular wall. Trim the last staves properly. For exact tapping of the extreme elements, we can use a crowbar based on a wooden wedge. Finish We mask the dilatations with a finishing strip or a wooden profile, e.g. with a quarter round. We nail them or glue them to the wall. The final step is to install the side skirts.